The Internet of Things (IoT) and its main areas of growth

What is IoT. (Internet of Things)

One of the most visible technological advances in the relatively immediate future will be in the IoT or Internet of Things.

The authentic boom of the Internet of Things or IoT will coincide with the start of the deployment of 5G networks , specially designed to support an immense network of small connected devices. In this sense, the consultant Gartner has just published a report that analyzes the future of the network and highlights the ten areas of the network in which it predicts greater growth.

Here we describe these areas of growth of the Internet of Things:

Security (IoT)

A new device connected to the Internet is, by definition, a new (potentially open) door for criminals operating on the Internet. Some risks that the consultant warns are the impersonation of devices (an IoT version of the resource, so seen in the cinema, to change the image of the security cameras for a recording made previously); or attacks called denial-of-sleep (denial of rest) designed to prevent the device from entering sleep mode and, therefore, causing its battery to discharge quickly.

Analytics (IoT)

A basic reading of the Internet of Things is to talk about millions of devices taking and receiving data. And although an important part of them is directly related to real-time decision making (in the style of the car sensor that detects

if it is raining and automatically activates the windshield wiper), all that monstrous volume of data in Big Data times It can be worth its weight in gold.

Device management

Maintenance, status control, software and firmware updates, repairs, etc … Managing a network of dozens of computers may seem laborious, but it should not be much compared to taking responsibility for hundreds and hundreds of devices that, in addition, may be scattered in a very, very large area.

Short range and low consumption networks

Like the WiFi network of the office, but with some singularities, especially those related to the optimization of its range and coverage, as this aspect has a very direct impact on the battery consumption of the devices connected to it. Managing these networks, combining in some cases different solutions already designed for this purpose is, without a doubt, a professional challenge that only those who dream of network topologies can (and will) undertake.

Wide area networks (WAN) of low consumption
The counterpoint to the previous section. To speak of a network of large area and low consumption is to refer, for example, to tens or hundreds of devices scattered throughout a province, across the country or, why not ?, from around the world . The current networks (4G and earlier) do not offer the right conditions for this scenario, but until the arrival of 5G, which does carry IoT in its DNA, the deployment of devices in very wide areas and, therefore, cannot Being covered by proprietary wireless networks is a challenge. Some standards are already appearing, such as Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT), which should pay a lot, a lot of attention.

Processors in IoT

There is no use a huge network designed for device connectivity, if there are no devices specially designed for them. The optimization of hardware for the Internet of Things inevitably involves the design of processors and SoCs (System on Chip) specially designed for this purpose, and that they are sustained in a very low consumption and with all the possible improvements in relation to the connectivity The emergence of SBC (Single Board Computer) systems such as Raspberry Pi is a big step in this direction, but everything points to the fact that there is still a long way to go in this regard, both in price and optimization.

Operating systems in IoT

The vast majority of existing operating systems today are not even remotely the best option for Internet of Things devices. And although manufacturers like Microsoft are taking steps such as bringing Windows 10 to Raspberry Pi, the truth is that operating systems designed, from the beginning, are still necessary for these devices , which are very modular, lightweight and, in addition, are designed to form part of a very large structure, while being able to work autonomously.

Data transmission process (streaming)

One of the use cases that will be very common on the Internet of Things is that of devices capturing a large volume of data that must be analyzed in real time, from security sensors to telemetry systems. In order to cover these needs, the so-called Distributed Stream Computing Platforms (DSCPs), systems networks that distribute the process load to accelerate the extraction of results, which are now gaining special relevance and which, in a short time, have emerged a few years ago In time, they could become one of the fundamental elements of IoT.

  • Platforms

One of the areas where more growth can be expected is that of companies and professionals that offer a “pack” that includes everything necessary for their clients to have an infrastructure of devices connected to their service.

In this regard, Gartner sees three major areas:

  • comprehensive device management
  • Information management systems generated by that infrastructure
  • Development of all the necessary software tools to work with such data.
  • Standards and ecosystems

As standards are established, as well as the means by which they relate to each other giving rise to the IoT ecosystem, needs related to the development of such means will arise. A clear example is the APIs (Application Programming Interfaces), which will be essential both to facilitate many developers to join the list of interested parties in the Internet of Things, and to facilitate interoperability because, without it, without the necessary means for Any device can talk on any network and with any other device, the result would not be the Internet of Things but a lot of scattered systems and only poorly connected to each other.

Undoubtedly we are facing a new paradigm of the sector that poses endless challenges and opportunities still to be discovered and in Esferize we are passionate about facing new situations every day to be able to offer solutions tailored to the needs of each client, thanks especially to the team of Professionals that make up our R&D department.

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